广东成人高考网

2020年广东成人高考英语语法误用:被动语态

广东成人高考网 发布时间:2020-10-14 14:12:21

  1、中文:他们结婚两年了。


  (误)They have married for two years.


  (正)They have been married for two years.(表示已婚状态的持续,要用完成时的被动式。)


  2、中文:他被所有学生嘲笑。


  (误)He was laughed by all the pupils.


  (正)He was laughed at by all the pupils.(不及物动词+介词=及物动词,变被动语态时介词不能省略。)


  3、中文:英语难学。[环球网校成人高考频道整理被动语态误用]


  (误)English is difficult to be learned.


  (正)English is difficult to learn.(英语难学=学英语难,也可说It"s difficult to learn English.原句的主语实际上是不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式要用主动形式。)


  4、中文:汤姆问我这些岛屿是否属于美国。


  (误)Tom asked me if these islands are belonged to America.


  (正)Tom asked me if these islands belonged to America.


  5、中文:中国发生了很大变化。


  (误)Great changes have been taken place in China.


  (正)Great changes have taken place in China.


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